Davos

Davos is the highest town in Europe, famed for the diversity of sports, leisure and cultural offers, its rejuvenating climate, the HC Davos, the Spengler Cup, the Kirchner Museum, the World Economic Forum and the celebrated freestyle scene on Jakobshorn.

Davos originally enjoyed its prominence thanks to its rejuvenating climate, which has been renowned for around 150 years. As early as 1860 the first Davos guest house was opened to welcome spa guests. The German physician who immigrated here, Alexander Spengler, opened a recuperation spa for lung illnesses, which primarily comprised extensive sleep on the sun terraces of Davos, along with Veltliner wine. This treatment made Davos world renowned, and in 1924 the novel "The Magic Mountain" by Thomas Mann made the location immortal in a literary sense too. Alongside Mann, numerous other writers, artists and philosophers also travelled to Davos. They brought their own culture with them, made the spa town famous in their works, or were responsible for initiating the sports, event and cultural facilities that exist today.

Pioneer in winter sports
Davos was at the forefront of the development of modern winter sports. The history of the world renowned Davos sledge started in the 19th century. The sledge received its name at the first historic sledge race in 1883, in Davos. In 1921 in Davos, the Hockey Club Davos was established and today it is akin to myth and living legend. 1923 witnessed the first Spengler Cup, the oldest and most famous international ice-hockey tournament in the world. The Parsenn Derby is the most traditional ski race in Switzerland and took place for the first time in 1924. Ten years later, the first t-bar ski lift in the world was put into operation on the Bolgen. In more modern times, Davos created headlines when it established the freestyle scene in the 1980s. At that time, the Jakobshorn was the only mountain on which snowboarders were permitted to use the lifts.

Meeting, knowledge and research town
Davos is the clear leader in the global meeting market in the mountains. With good reason: Davos possesses a rich tradition, as the leading-edge conference centre in the Alps and, in the World Economic Forum (WEF), hosts an event with pronounced international charisma. However, Davos is far more than simply a meeting town: The town is home to a range of renowned research stations such as the AO Foundation, WSL Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research (SLF), Observatory and World Radiation Center (PMOD/WRC), Swiss Institute of Allergy and Asthma Research (SIAF) and a wide range of specialised clinics and hospitals, whilst also being a town for energy, education and knowledge at the same time. All of this, embedded in a natural environment, located 1560 m above sea level, is what creates the globally renowned "Spirit of Davos".

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